Phenylpiracetam Benefits: The Positive and Negative Effects of Phenotropil
Phenylpiracetam ((RS)-2-(2-OXO-4-phenylpyrrolidin-1-y1) acetamide) goes by the names Carphedon or Phenotropil. It was developed in Russia in 1983 for both physical and cognitive enhancement. Phenylpiracetam was created by adding a phenyl group to Piracetam. This modification the molecular structure makes it far more easily absorbed and Phenylpiracetam benefits are about 30-60 times more powerful than its parent drug. Click here to buy Phenylpiracetam online.
Phenylpiracetam has been popular for years in Russia, but has just recently been discovered by the western world. Users report that Phenylpiracetam effects sharpens their focus while also increasing memory and learning capacity. Some users report a stimulant effect and improved motor skills. Because of this, Phenylpiracetam was banned by the World Anti Doping agency and in 2006 a silver medalist was stripped of her medal and barred from competing for two years after she failed a drug test for the supplement.
The Benefits of Phenylpiracetam
Phenylpiracetam is 100% bioavailable when taken by mouth and is easily absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract. Once absorbed, also crosses the blood brain barrier very easily. 60% of Phenylpiracetam is excreted in the urine and the remainder in bile. Metabolites of Phenylpiracetam are 3-hydroxycarphedone & 4?-hydroxycarphedone. Its effects are usually noticeable about an hour after taking and it reaches its maximum effect in about 3-5 hours.
While it is unclear exactly how racetam nootropics work on the brain, Phenylpiracetam benefits are believed to come from the fact that it acts as a neuromodulator. Like other racetams, it influences the cholinergic and glutamatergic systems by binding to receptors for acetylcholine and glutamate. In addition, Phenylpiracetam increases dopamine and noradrenaline levels in the brain. This is thought to explain why it is able to elevate mood and why it acts as a stimulant. Read User Reviews of Phenylpiracetam here.
Though scientists do have some ideas about how Phenylpiracetam brings about its benefits, the exact pathways are unclear. They do know that the supplement is able to increase the number and density of NDMA glutamate receptors in the brain. Phenylpiracetam is also thought to excite nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the cerebral cortex, the outer layer of brain tissue, and Dopamine receptors in the striatum, part of the forebrain.
Unlike many nootropics, Phenylpiracetam effects are able to improve physical performance. While Phenylpiracetam is considered to be a stimulant, it does not seem to actually have any direct effect on the cardiovascular or respiratory systems. Phenylpiracetam has been shown to increase tolerance for and help the user adapt to environmental stresses. It is also thought to help regulate the part of the brain responsible for motor skills.
Positive Phenylpiracetam Effects
• Improve memory retention, consolidate and recall memory
• Increases learning capacity
• Boosts Alertness and Focus
• Enhances Physical Performance
• Elevates Mood
Negative Phenylpiracetam Effects
Side effects and risks of Phenylpiracetam are very similar to most of the other racetams. They include: headaches, irritability, nausea, and gastrointestinal problems. Because of the stimulating effects of Phenylpiracetam, some users experience insomnia. Headaches can be treated or prevented by taking the supplement with a good choline supplement.
Phenylpiracetam has a fairly short half life, so insomnia can be avoided by taking earlier in the day or by taking a lower dose. Check out our complete guide on the best way to take Phenylpiracetam.
Users of Phenylpiracetam can build up tolerance over time. Tolerance build up happens more quickly with Phenylpiracetam than with some of the other racetams. While there have been reports of dependence on Phenylpiracetam benefits, it is not believed to actually be addictive. That said, Phenylpiracetam is not suitable for daily use because over time the results will diminish. Ultimately Phenylpiracetam has a low addiction profile and is believed to be quite safe when used as recommended.
No deaths or severe drug interactions have ever been reported with Phenylpiracetam. There have also been no reports of Phenylpiracetam overdose. It is generally safe when used at the right dose. As with any new supplement, you should always consult a doctor before trying it. Taking more will not increase the benefits, but could increase the side effects. If you’ve never used Phenylpiracetam before, you should start at a low dose to assess your reaction to it. Increase the doses slowly and gradually only when you get an idea of how it affects you.
Phenylpiracetam & ADHD
Evidence suggests that Phenylpiracetam effects may be able to help those with ADHD. Although it is not an approved treatment for ADHD, many people have successfully used racetam nootropics to help them cope with symptoms of ADHD. Studies on Piracetam as an ADHD treatment have shown promise. Phenylpiracetam may be even more effective as it is more potent than Piracetam in general, and its influence on concentration is even more pronounced.
While no actual studies have been done on the effects of Phenylpiracetam on those with ADHD, anecdotal reports look promising. Phenylpiracetam benefits may be an effective alternative for those with ADHD who do not want to use prescription drugs.